Only a small number of conflicts in everyday life are handled by police and courts. The IRKS has been doing research on various types of conflicts and on alternative modes of conflict resolution. These alternatives focus on reconciliation as opposed to punishment and seek the active participation of the parties involved: first of all the victim and the offender. The IRKS has performed research on the pilot projects of victim-offender mediation, first in juvenile criminal law (1984-1988), and later in general criminal law (1992-1995). Following up on this involvement the IRKS has been a partner in various European (AGIS, COST, and FP7) research projects dealing with the topic of "Restorative Justice" as well as contributing to conferences, seminars and workshops dedicated to this topic.